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英语单选题十大解题策略

发布时间:2017-11-13 00:00:00
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英语单选题十大解题策略

                                                     黄培玉一、将疑问句改成陈述句Was it on a lonely island   he was saved one month after the boat went down?(2011 四川卷)A. where    B. that     C. which      D. what分析:首先把疑问句还原成陈述句,题干即It was on a lonely island   he was saved one month after the boat went down,很容易看出此处为强调句。故答案为B二、将陈述句改为倒装句我们首次接触时是一个倒装句,而命题者恰恰是有意地使用陈述句来命题。He had no sooner finished his speech   the students started cheering.2011辽宁卷)A. since     B. as    C. when    D. than分析no sooner……than是一个大家十分熟悉的句型。在考查知识点时,命题者却使用了一个陈述句。如果把题干改成:No sooner had he finished his speech than the students started cheering,这道题的答案D也就十分清楚了。三、将从句或插入语或干扰部分去掉命题者有意在一个句子中间插入一个从句或插入语,造成理解障碍。如果将题干中的从句或插入语去掉,题干就会变得很简单。Shirley, a real book lover, often brings home many books to read   the library.(2011重庆卷)A. in    B. for    C. by    D. from分析:可以看出to read是一个定语。将其去掉后,我们就会发现此处表示书籍的来源。故本题选D四、将被动句改为主动句由于被动句的使用,句子的结构相对于主动句来说就没有那么清楚。我们如果将其改为主动句,这类题就会变得清楚的多。如:Every minute should be made good use of   our lessons well.A.learning    B.learned      C.to learn     D.learns分析:将题干改写为主动句,则为We should make good use of every minute   our lesson well。可以发现介词of有其相应的宾语,其后不能再用动名词做宾语,应选不定式做目的状语。答案是C五、将省略句改为完整的句子省略句使考生不易看清句子的结构。对于这类试题,可恢复被省略的成分,使句子的结构变得明朗,进而选择合适的答案。如:The police still havent found the lost child, but theyre doing about they    .(2011四川卷)A. can       B. may      C. must     D. should分析:将答语部分改为一个完整的句子:The police still havent found the lost child, but theyre doing about they can do to find the lost child.故答案为A六、将it be和空格处去掉还原成一个单句,进而确定是强调句还是其他含有it的句型。It was April 29,2001   Prince William and Kate Middleton walked into the palace hall of the wedding ceremony.(2011福建卷)A. that    B. when     C. since    D. before分析:可将题干中it be和空格去掉后,发现“April 29,2001, Prince William and Kate Middleton walked into the palace hall of the wedding ceremony 这句话有语法错误,不是强调句,故答案不选A, 应选B七、将句型句式还原You can never imagine what great trouble I have had  the patient who received a serious wound.A treat     B to treat     C treating       D treated分析:将句型结构还原可得出句型have trouble doing sth,故答案为C八、将含蓄的条件补齐,轻松应对虚拟语气考查题——Pity you missed the lecture on nuclear pollution——I   it, but I was busy preparing for a job interview. 2011福建卷)A. attended  B. had attended  C. would attend  D. would have attended分析:将含蓄的条件补齐之后,应为:if I hadnt prepared for a job interview,……结合语法不难看出,此处答案应为D九、将后置从句还原,应对定语从句及同位语从句The days are gone   physical strength was all you needed to make a living.2011天津卷)A. when       B. that       C. where     D. which分析:将后置定语从句复位,The days   physical strength was all you needed to make a living are gone.就很容易得出答案为A十、关键词分析法——Where are the children? The dinners going to be completely ruined.——I wish they    always late. 2011北京卷)A. werent   B. hadnt been  C. wouldnt be    D. wouldnt have been分析:由关键词always可知此处需要表示现在相反的虚拟语气,因此动词应用一般过去时。故答案为A——Silly me! I forget what my luggage looks like.——What do you think of      over there? 2011重庆卷)A. the one    B. this    C. it      D. that分析:由关键词luggage可知,此处需要一个指代不可数名词的代词,因此答案选D.thatthe one 用于指代可数名词,it指代同一事物。

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